Aims & Scope

International Journal of Experimental Spectroscopic Techniques is an Open Access, peer reviewed, academic Journal promoting the various interdisciplinary aspects of techniques involved in measuring the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.

The Journal focuses upon publishing various aspects under the scope of all the experimental spectroscopic techniques. The Journal mainly includes topics such as Spectroscopy Overview, Spectroscopy Based on Absorption, Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy, UV/IR Spectroscopy, Visible Spectroscopy, Emission Spectroscopy, Mass Spectroscopy, Photoluminiscent Spectroscopy, Experimental Physics, Analytical Chemistry, Spectroscopy by Scattering, Collisions and Colloid Interactions, Electromagnetic Radiation, Wave Properties, Chemiluminiscent Spectrum, Laws & Theorems, Absorbance Spectrum, Thermal Energy, Stability of Chemical Reactions, Components of Spectroscopic Techniques, Sources of Energy, Sources of Energy, Wavelength Selection, Detectors, Photon Transducers, Thermal Transducers, Signal Processors, Filter Photometer, Diode Array Spectrometer, Fourier Trans Spectrometer, Quantitative Applications, Environmental Applications, etc.

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The Journal considers various articles such as Original Article, Reviews, Mini Reviews, Commentaries, etc., for possible publication. We focus upon bringing the new thoughts a perfect platform to share, learn and contribute. The Journal is dedicated to provide high scientific quality articles, high visibility, broad readership, rigorous peer review, rapid publication and standard production and copyediting. Please contact us with any questions or comments you may have. Send E-mail

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VIBGYOR | International Journal of Experimental Spectroscopic Techniques

Editorial board


NAME TITLE UNIVERSITY BIOGRAPHY

Alexei Gruverman

Professor


University of Nebraska-Lincoln
United States of America

Dr. Alexei Gruverman is a Charles Bessey Professor in Department of Physics and Astronomy at University of Nebraska-Lincoln. He received his PhD degree in Solid State Physics from the Ural State University in Ekaterinburg, Russia. His research interests are in the field of scanning probe microscopy of functional materials, view full biography...

Dr. Alexei Gruverman is a Charles Bessey Professor in Department of Physics and Astronomy at University of Nebraska-Lincoln. He received his PhD degree in Solid State Physics from the Ural State University in Ekaterinburg, Russia. His research interests are in the field of scanning probe microscopy of functional materials, nanoscale phenomena in multiferroics, non-volatile information storage technologies and electromechanical phenomena in biological systems. Prior to joining UNL in 2007 he held research scientist positions at Sony Corporation, Yokohama, Japan, and Joint Research Center for Atom Technology in Tsukuba, Japan, and research professorship position at the North Carolina State University, USA. While working in Japan he has pioneered the SPM-based method for non-destructive high-resolution imaging of ferroelectric domains in thin films and memory devices - an approach now known as Piezoresponse Force Microscopy (PFM). Dr. Gruverman has co-authored over 150 papers in peer-reviewed international journals (including Science, Nature Materials and Physical Review Letters), which are cited more than 5000 times, a number of book chapters and review articles and has edited three books and several special journal issues on ferroelectricity. Dr. Gruverman serves as an associate editor for the IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control. He is a recipient of the 2004 Ikeda Foundation Award, Japan, and International Symposium on Integrated Ferroelectrics 2010 Outstanding Achievement Award and is a Fellow of the American Physical Society. A list of his most important scientific accomplishments include (1) development of Piezoresponse Force Microscopy (PFM), (2) manipulation of ferroelectric domains at the nanoscale, (3) development of an approach for fast switching dynamics in ferroelectric capacitors, (4) demonstration of the tunneling electroresistance effect in ferroelectrics, and (5) nanoscale characterization of electromechanical behavior of biological systems.

Jun Xu

Professor


University of Tongji
China

Dr. Jun Xu is the first distinguished Professor in University of Tongji, China. Prof. Xu has been one of Ten Outstanding Youth Persons in Shanghai. He gained the finance support from the National Outstanding Youth Foundation in 2005. He was awarded the 2nd-class National Science and Technology Progress Award in 2003 view full biography...

Dr. Jun Xu is the first distinguished Professor in University of Tongji, China. Prof. Xu has been one of Ten Outstanding Youth Persons in Shanghai. He gained the finance support from the National Outstanding Youth Foundation in 2005. He was awarded the 2nd-class National Science and Technology Progress Award in 2003 and two 1st-class Science and Technology Progress Awards of Shanghai in 2001 and 2004. He has been granted 100 patents and has published over 500 papers in scientific journals, and edited five books. He received the Ph.D. degree from Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shanghai, China, in 1996. His research interests are the growth, structure defects, optical spectroscopy properties and laser performances of solid-state laser and optical crystals such as Nd, Yb, Er, Tm, Ho, Pr, Cr, Ti, Co, Bi etc doped laser crystals, Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis of opto-electronic and laser crystals, glass, transparent ceramics.

Shyam Bahadur Rai

Professor


Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
India

Dr. S.B. Rai is professor in the Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India since 1994. He did PhD in 1974 from Banaras Hindu University. He has received several national and international awards and fellowship including prestigious Alexander von Humboldt foundation fellowship of Germany. view full biography...

Dr. S.B. Rai is professor in the Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India since 1994. He did PhD in 1974 from Banaras Hindu University. He has received several national and international awards and fellowship including prestigious Alexander von Humboldt foundation fellowship of Germany. He has served as President of Indian Science congress (Physical Science) and Vice-President of laser and spectroscopy society India. He has thirty eight years of teaching and 44 years of research experience and has published more than 300 papers in international journals of repute. He has also credit to edit 4 books and has written five review articles from reputed publication house. His current interest of research includes rare earth doped glasses, phosphor and ceramics, optogalvanic, photo-acoustic and multiphoton spectroscopy of atoms and molecules.

Abdalla Ahmed Elbashir

Professor


University of Khartoum
Sudan

Dr. Abdalla Ahmed Elbashir is a Professor of Analytical Chemistry at University of Khartoum, Sudan. Dr. Elbashir received his PhD from University Science Malaysia (USM), at Penang, Malaysia. Dr. Elbashir has been awarded the best Ph.D. thesis in pure science from (USM). view full biography...

Dr. Abdalla Ahmed Elbashir is a Professor of Analytical Chemistry at University of Khartoum, Sudan. Dr. Elbashir received his PhD from University Science Malaysia (USM), at Penang, Malaysia. Dr. Elbashir has been awarded the best Ph.D. thesis in pure science from (USM). Dr. Elbashir obtained Humboldt Research Fellowship from the Duisburg-Essen University (Germany). He has been considered a leading young scientist in capillary electrophoresis (CE) and related techniques; he established and adapted several CE techniques for pharmaceutical analysis and for chiral separations. Dr. Elbashir published a book entitled Capillary Electrophoresis Methods in Pharmaceutical Analysis (Lambert academic publishing). Dr. Elbashir has published more than 60 papers in internationally refereed journals and participated in more than 25 international conferences in Europe and Asia. The main research interest of Dr. Elbashir is in the area of analytical chemistry with emphasis on developing chiral separation protocols using HPLC, CE and CEC. Dr. Elbashir has organized/instructed a number of short training courses on application of instrumental techniques (FTIR, AAS, GC and HPLC) in petroleum analysis. Additionally, he has been involved in 2 teaching Analytical Chemistry and Instrumentation for undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as General Chemistry at faculty of Science and Pharmacy. Seven master and one PhD students were graduated from Dr. Elbashir research group and currently 6 master and 5 PhD students working under his supervision.

Zhifeng Ren

Chair Professor


University of Houston
United States of America

Dr. Zhifeng Ren is Chair Professor in University of Houston. Prof. Ren is named the 2014 Recipient of the Edith and Peter O'Donnell Award in Science from The Academy of Medicine, Engineering & Science of Texas in Dec 2013. He elected as a fellow of the National Academy of Inventors in Dec 2013. view full biography...

Dr. Zhifeng Ren is Chair Professor in University of Houston. Prof. Ren is named the 2014 Recipient of the Edith and Peter O'Donnell Award in Science from The Academy of Medicine, Engineering & Science of Texas in Dec 2013. He elected as a fellow of the National Academy of Inventors in Dec 2013. Dr. Ren was featured by KUHF radio station and Houston Chronicle during Dec 2013. Dr. Ren completed his Ph.D in Condensed Matter Physics at Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. His research interests are Nanostructured Thermoelectrics, Thermoelectric Energy Conversion, Solar Energy Harvesting, Carbon Nanotubes, Field Emission, Mechanical and Thermal Properties, Piezoelectric Properties, Ceramics.

Istvan T Horvath

Chair Professor of Chemistry


City University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong

Dr. Istvan T. Horvath is a Chair Professor of Chemistry in Department of Biology and Chemistry at City University of Hong Kong. He received his Diploma in Chemical Engineering (1977) and Ph.D. in Chemistry (1979), both at the University of Pannonia, Veszprem and Hungary. view full biography...

Dr. Istvan T. Horvath is a Chair Professor of Chemistry in Department of Biology and Chemistry at City University of Hong Kong. He received his Diploma in Chemical Engineering (1977) and Ph.D. in Chemistry (1979), both at the University of Pannonia, Veszprem and Hungary. He was a Postdoctoral Research Associate at Yale University (1982-1984), a Scientific Co-worker at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zürich, Switzerland (1984 - 1987), a Senior Staff Chemist at Exxon (now ExxonMobil) Corporate Research, Annandale, New Jersey (1987-1998), a Professor at the Institute of Chemistry, Eotvos University, Budapest, Hungary (1999-2009). He moved to the City University of Hong Kong in May, 2009 and was the Head of the Department of Biology and Chemistry until July 31, 2015.

The books on fluorous chemistry were based on the fluorous biphasic concept he invented in the early nineties. He was the Chairman of the COST Action D29 on Sustainable/Green Chemistry and Chemical Technology (2002-2007). Dr. Horvath was awarded a D.Sc. in Chemistry by the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in 1998 and was a Szechenyi Professor Scholar (2000 - 2003). He received the 1st Fluorous Technology Award in 2005, the Senior Humboldt Research Award in 2006, and the Green Chemistry Lecture Award in 2008. He is an Honorary Member of the Academia Nazionale di Scienze Letter e Arti, Modena, Italy (2010) and Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (2013) and the American Chemical Society (2014).

Research Interests: The application of the principles of green chemistry in environmentally friendly product and process development including the use of alternative media such as water, fluorous and ionic liquids for facile reagent and catalyst separation, Development of a novel sustainability metrics including ethanol equivalent, resource replacement turnover, waste remediation turnover, sustainability indicator, and greenness indicator, Gamma-valerolactone economy for the production of energy and carbon based chemicals, Valorization of agricultural residues and food wastes, Development of a novel water desalination technology, Development of a sustainable fluorous chemistry, Mechanistic studies of homogeneous catalytic, organic, and organometallic reactions using in situ IR and NMR spectroscopy.

Giulio Malucelli

Associate Professor


Politecnico di Torino
Italy

Dr. Giulio Malucelli is an Associate Professor in Materials Science and Technology at Politecnico di Torino. He obtained Master degree in Chemical Engineering at Politecnico di Torino in 1992. In 1996 he received PhD in Chemistry and in 1995 Dr. Malucelli obtained the position of Assistant Professor at Politecnico di Torino view full biography...

Dr. Giulio Malucelli is an Associate Professor in Materials Science and Technology at Politecnico di Torino. He obtained Master degree in Chemical Engineering at Politecnico di Torino in 1992. In 1996 he received PhD in Chemistry and in 1995 Dr. Malucelli obtained the position of Assistant Professor at Politecnico di Torino at the Department of Applied Science and Technology. In 2003 he was appointed as full time Associate Professor in Chemistry at Politecnico di Torino in the Department of Applied Science and Technology. Dr. Malucelli is member of the Italian Society of Macromolecules (AIM, where he is at present member of the management committee) and of the Polymeric Materials Unit at Politecnico di Torino of the Italian Consortium on Materials Science and Technology (INSTM); he joined the "Nanofun-poly" Network of Excellence.

Juan Antonio Zapien

Associate Professor


City University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong

Dr. Juan Antonio Zapien is an Associate Professor at City University of Hong Kong, SAR China where he teaches physical optics and related courses for undergraduate and postgraduate students. He obtained his BSc (Physics) from the 'Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico' (UNAM) performing his undergraduate thesis at the Materials Research Institute of UNAM (IIM-UNAM). view full biography...

Dr. Juan Antonio Zapien is an Associate Professor at City University of Hong Kong, SAR China where he teaches physical optics and related courses for undergraduate and postgraduate students. He obtained his BSc (Physics) from the 'Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico' (UNAM) performing his undergraduate thesis at the Materials Research Institute of UNAM (IIM-UNAM). He received his PhD degree from The Pennsylvania State University (USA) in 2000 working in the optical characterization of the nucleation and growth of CBN and wide band gap materials. His current research interests are in the quantitative optical characterization of nanostructures for photonic and plasmonic applications, the use of nanomaterials for energy, lighting, and sensing applications, and the real time optical characterization of the nucleation and growth of thin films. He has been involved in the organization of several international meetings and has also participated as invited speaker in more than 22 international conferences.

Burcin Bayram

Associate Professor


Miami University
United States of America

Dr. Burcin Bayram is an Associate Professor in the Department of Physics at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio. She received her PhD degree in Physics from Old Dominion University, Virginia. Prior to joining Miami in 2002 she held postdoctoral research positions at University of Michigan. view full biography...

Dr. Burcin Bayram is an Associate Professor in the Department of Physics at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio. She received her PhD degree in Physics from Old Dominion University, Virginia. Prior to joining Miami in 2002 she held postdoctoral research positions at University of Michigan. She is a recipient of the 2015 May APS Woman Physicist of the Month Award. Her research area is in the field of experimental atomic, molecular and optical physics.She has an extensive experience in quantum-optical spectroscopy and laser spectroscopy applications to atomic and molecular systems using a sequence of laser pulses to probe the dynamics and properties of atoms and molecules. She acted as a Referee in more than 10 different journals. Additionally, she has been involved in the development of new pedagogical tools for upper-level spectroscopy laboratories. Dr. Bayram is a member of the American Physical Society, Association of Woman in Science, Ohio Academy of Science and Advanced Laboratory of Physics Association.

Soumen Ghosh

Assistant Professor


Jadavpur University
India

Dr. Soumen Ghosh is an Assistant Professor of Department of Chemistry, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India. He received his Ph. D. degree in Colloid Chemistry from Jadavpur University, Kolkata. He completed his Post-doctoral research from Bose Institute, Kolkata, India; University of Hull, UK and University of Porto, Portugal. view full biography...

Dr. Soumen Ghosh is an Assistant Professor of Department of Chemistry, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India. He received his Ph. D. degree in Colloid Chemistry from Jadavpur University, Kolkata. He completed his Post-doctoral research from Bose Institute, Kolkata, India; University of Hull, UK and University of Porto, Portugal. He visited University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain under the framework of Research Excellence Program USC - India (PEIN). He has been selected and invited as a W. F. James Chair Professor of Pure and Applied Sciences in the Department of Chemistry, St. Francis Xavier University, Canada in 2015. He acted as a Referee in 40 different reputed journals so far. His research interests are surfactant aggregation; dye-biopolymer interaction; surfactant-polyelectrolyte and polymer interaction; physico-chemical studies of micelle and microemulsion; vesicle formation; protein-surfactant, DNA-surfactant and drug-surfactant interaction, food colloids, ionic liquids, etc.

International Journal of Experimental Spectroscopic Techniques Reviewer Board

Reviewer Board

NAME

UNIVERSITY

COUNTRY

Dr. Flo T Ling
Princeton University
USA
Dr. Sarah Salah
Assuit University
Egypt
Dr. Said A Hassan
Cairo University
Egypt
Dr. Valeriy Pogorelov
National University of Kyiv
Ukraine
Dr. Ashanul Haque
Sultan Qaboos University
Oman
Dr. S shantier
University of Khartoum
Sudan
Dr. KN Uttam
Allahabad University
India
Dr. Shovan L Chattoraj
Indian Institute of Remote Sensing
India
Dr. Shivanoor SM
Karnatak University
India
Dr. Leitsch David
Medical University of Vienna
Austria
Dr. Behisht Ara
University of Malakand
Pakistan
Dr. Francisco Espinosa Magaña
Centro de Investigación en Materiales Avanzados
Mexico
Dr. Alex von Bohlen
Leibniz Institute for Analytical Sciences - ISAS
Germany
Dr. Fittschen Ursula
Washington State University
USA
Dr. Oozgenc
Karadeniz Technical University
Turkey
Dr. Sun Woog Kim
Osaka University
Japan
Dr. Aldo Romani
University of Perugia
Italy
Dr. Maria Lepore
Università della Campania
Italy
Dr. Alessandro Ciccola
Sapienza University of Rome
Italy
Dr. Katsuhiko Sano
Kyoto University
Japan
Dr. Daniela Marasco
University of Naples Federico II
Italy
Dr. Francesco Bellia
Istituto di Biostrutture e Bioimmagini
Italy
Dr. Yoshihiro Shiraiwa
University of Tsukuba
Japan
Dr. Christos Pappas
Agricultural University of Athens
Greece
Dr. Meloun Milan
University of Pardubice
Czech Republic
Dr. Artur D Surowka
AGH University of Science and Technology
Poland
Dr. Norbert Szoboszlai
Eötvös Loránd University
Hungary
Dr. Lara Mikac
Ruđer Bošković Institute
Croatia
Dr. Jasenka Gajdos
University of Zagreb
Croatia
Dr. Matthieu Ménager
Laboratoire de Photochimie Moléculaire et Macromoléculaire
France
Dr. Mile Ivanda
Centro de Investigación en Materiales Avanzados
Croatia
Dr. Edilene Assunção da Silva
Laboratório de Optoeletrônica e Filmes Finos
Brazil
Dr. sdurmaz
Karadeniz Technical University
Turkey
Dr. Gamzenur ÖZSİN
Anadolu University
Turkey
Dr. Martinez
National University of Mexico
Mexico
Dr. Neslihan Ekinci
Ataturk University
Turkey
Dr. Pınar Demir
University of Firat
Turkey
Dr. Şebnem GARİP
Middle East Technical University
Turkey
Dr. Bin Mu
Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics
China
Dr. Jucimara Kulek de Andrade
State University of Ponta Grossa
Brazil
Dr. Gilberto Dantas Saraiva
State University of Ceará (UECE-FECLESC)
Brazil
Dr. Da Sen Liu
Northeast Agricultural University
China
Dr. Renato Pereira de Freitas
Laboratório de Instrumentação e Simulação Computacional
Brazil
Dr. Mehdi Shahraki
Islamic Azad University
Iran
Dr. Bin Mu
Arizona State University
USA
Dr. Giorgio S. Senesi
Istituto di Nanotecnologia
Italy
Dr. Michele Iafisco
Institute of Science and Technology for Ceramics
Italy
Dr. KG Satyanarayana
Poornaprajna Institute for scientific Research
India
Dr. Ahmed Kadhim Hussein
University of Babylon
Iraq
Dr. Mohsen Shahlaei
Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences
Iran
Vibgyor publishers | International Journal of Experimental Spectroscopic Techniques
Articles

Vanesa N Salomone, Marina Riera and Claudia Muniain

This review collects the research of the recent years on biological or environmental studies in which Total Reflection X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry (TXRF) was used as a chemical analytical technique for quantification of elemental content. Although it is not a novel technique, its application in biological and environmental samples has extended in the last years.

Published Date: August 07, 2017 | Int J Exp Spectroscopic Tech, IJEST-2-011, (Volume 2, Issue 1) | Research Article

Ketren Watcharakorn, Muangthongon Trairat, Wannapeera Janewit, Heishun Zen, Toshiteru Kii, Kouichi Miura and Hideaki Ohgaki

A new technique for the structural analysis of biomass in the liquid phase processed by the Degradative Solvent Extraction (DSE) method, called "liquid membrane-FTIR" is proposed. The technique has been applied to analyze the hydroxyl groups of the solvent-soluble of rice straws, which was extracted in 1-Methyl Naphthalene (1-MN) at 350 °C with DSE method.

Published Date: July 31, 2017 | Int J Exp Spectroscopic Tech, IJEST-2-010, (Volume 2, Issue 1) | Research Article

Mariateresa Lettieri and Maria Teresa Giannotta

The present study was aimed at investigating, by FT-IR spectroscopy, residues in some whole archaeological vases, different in form and dimensions, but all classified as containers for cosmetics. The analyses performed on the as-sampled material and after extraction with a solvent were examined and compared.

Published Date: June 24, 2017 | Int J Exp Spectroscopic Tech, IJEST-2-009, (Volume 2, Issue 1) | Review Article

Aouine Younas, Hassane Faraj, Anouar Alami, Abdelilah El Hallaoui and Mohamed Akhazzane

1,2,3-Triazoles are an important class of heterocycles due to their wide range of applications as synthetic intermediates and pharmaceuticals. Several therapeutically interesting 1,2,3-triazoles have been reported, including anti-HIV agents, antimicrobial, anticancer, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-tubercular compounds.

Published Date: May 12, 2016 | Int J Exp Spectroscopic Tech, IJEST-1-008, (Volume 1, Issue 2) | Review Article

Yaakov Shaked, Avi Pe'er and Shai Yefet

A simple and intuitive formulation is reviewed for the Brewster prism-pair - A most common component in spectroscopy-oriented experiments using ultrashort pulses. This review aims to provide students and beginners in the field of spectroscopy with a unified description of a major experimental component.

Published Date: April 07, 2016 | Int J Exp Spectroscopic Tech, IJEST-1-007, (Volume 1, Issue 2) | Review Article

Rafael Carlos Eloy Dias and Chahan Yeretzian

Coffee is a global agricultural commodity of major importance to producing but also to consuming countriesworldwide. Considering that quality is one of the main factors for price setting, objective processes to assess the quality is in great demand and would be highly appreciated by all players involved in the value chain of coffee.

Published Date: April 04, 2016 | Int J Exp Spectroscopic Tech, IJEST-1-006, (Volume 1, Issue 2) | Research Article

E Terrence Slonecker, David W Allen and Ronald G Resmini

Remote sensing science is currently undergoing a tremendous expansion in the area of hyperspectral imaging (HSI) technology. Spurred largely by the explosive growth of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), sometimes called Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), or drones, HSI capabilities that once required access to one of only a handful of very specialized and expensive sensor systems are now miniaturized and widely available commercially.

Published Date: March 31, 2016 | Int J Exp Spectroscopic Tech, IJEST-1-005, (Volume 1, Issue 1) | Review Article

Younas Aouine, Hassane Faraj, Anouar Alami, Abdelilah El-Hallaoui and Mohamed Akhazzane

The alkylation of 1H-1,2,4-triazole with an O-tosyloxazoline derivative, followed by an oxazoline ring-opening reaction and protection of amine function, leads normally to obtain two regioisomers of β-aminoalcohols. After purification by column chromatography of the crude reaction product, only a single product is obtained.

Published Date: March 16, 2016 | Int J Exp Spectroscopic Tech, IJEST-1-004, (Volume 1, Issue 1) | Review Article

Ashis Bhattacharjee, Amlan Rooj, Madhusudan Roy and Joachim Kusz

Solventless solid state thermal reaction of ferrocene in presence of Fe(II)acetylacetonate is monitored by thermogravimetry. Though pure ferrocene suffers 100% mass loss on heating, the mixture of it with Fe(II) acetylacetonate gives rise to ~20% decomposed material below 600 K. Structure and morphology of the decomposed material are investigated by powder XRD and SEM techniques.

Published Date: March 07, 2016 | Int J Exp Spectroscopic Tech, IJEST-1-003, (Volume 1, Issue 1) | Research Article

Abdul A. J. Mohamed, Miza A. Kombo, Ibrahim Abdul Rahman and Lee H. Lim

Life is a water dependent process, however, pristine water for the consumption of the living organisms remains a big challenge in many countries. In Zanzibar, groundwater is a major source for drinking and other domestic purposes. However, the quality of water sources seems to deteriorate mainly due to anthropogenic activities.

Published Date: February 28, 2016 | Int J Exp Spectroscopic Tech, IJEST-1-002, (Volume 1, Issue 1) | Research Article

Takumitsu Kida, Yusuke Hiejima and Koh-hei Nitta

In situ Raman spectroscopy is applied to high-density polyethylene to elucidate the microscopic deformation mechanism during uniaxial stretching. The peak shifts of the C-C stretching modes of the amorphous chains show remarkable red shifts in the elastic region, where as the red shift of the C-C stretching vibration along the crystalline chain begins after the first yield point, suggesting that the stretching stress is concentrated on the amorphous chains before the first yield point.

Published Date: January 25, 2016 | Int J Exp Spectroscopic Tech, IJEST-1-001, (Volume 1, Issue 1) | Research Article

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